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Something About Company
Coal India Limited (CIL) the state owned coal mining corporate came into being in November 1975. With a modest production of 79 Million Tonnes (MTs) at the year of its inception CIL today is the single largest coal producer in the world and one of the largest corporate employer. Operating through 83 mining areas and spread over eight (8) provincial states of India. CIL is an apex body with 7 wholly owned coal producing subsidiaries and 1 mine planning and consultancy company spread over 8 provincial states of India. CIL also manages establishments like workshops, hospitals etc. and also owns 27 training institutes and 76 Vocational Training Institutes Centres. Indian Institute of Coal Management (IICM) as a state-of-the-art Management Training ‘Centre of Excellence’ – the largest Corporate Training Institute in India – operates under CIL and conducts multi-disciplinary management development programmes.
CIL is a Maharatna company – a privileged status conferred by Government of India to select state owned enterprises in order to empower them to expand their operations and emerge as global giants. The select club has only ten members out of more than three hundred Central Public Sector Enterprises in the country.
The producing Indian subsidiary companies of Coal India Limited:
- Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL)
- Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL)
- Central Coalfields Limited (CCL)
- Western Coalfields Limited (WCL)
- South Eastern Coalfields Limited (SECL)
- Northern Coalfields Limited (NCL)
- Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL)
One mine planning and consultancy company of Coal India Limited is Central Mine Planning & Design Institute Limited (CMPDIL). In addition, CIL has a foreign subsidiary in Mozambique namely Coal India Africana Limitada (CIAL). The mines in Assam i.e. North Eastern Coalfields are managed directly by CIL.
- Mahanadi Coalfields Limited has four (4) subsidiaries which are
- MJSJ Coal Limited
- MNH Shakti Ltd
- Mahanadi Basin Power Ltd
- Neelanchal Power Transmition Company Private Ltd
- SECL has two subsidiaries
- M/s Chhattisgarh East Railway Ltd (CERL)
- M/s Chhattisgarh East- West Railway Ltd (CEWRL)
- CCL has one subsidiary
- Jharkhand Central Railway Ltd
Unmatched Strategic Relevance
Produces around 83% of India’s overall coal production in India where approximately 57% of primary commercial energy is coal dependent, CIL alone meets to the tune of 40% of primary commercial energy requirement. The share of coal is expected to remain high at 48-54% till 2040. Accounts for 76% of total thermal power generating capacity of the Utility sector. Supplies coal at prices discounted to international prices. Insulates Indian coal consumers against price volatility. Makes the end user industry globally competitive. Plays a key role in “Make in India” and making India incorporate globally competitive.
Production and Growth
During 2018-19, CIL produced 606.89 Million Tonnes (MTs) of coal – an increase of 39.52 MTs over last year. CIL for the first time has breached the 600 Million Tonne (MT) mark in coal production registering a growth of 6.97% over the previous year. There has been around 7% growth in coal production during the year, nearly a threefold increase compared to the last fiscal’s output growth of 2.4 %. It is pertinent to mention that CIL leaped from 500 MT to 600 MTs in merely three years whereas it took the company seven years to migrate from 400 MTs to that of 500 MTs. Raw coal off-take Financial Year ending 31st March 2019 was 608.14 MT, an increase of 27.85 MTs over the previous year. Coal & coal products despatch to power utilities (including special forward e-Auction) was 491.54 MTs. CIL is committed to play major role in achieving the Nation energy security. ‘Vision 2030’ for the coal sector in the country envisages a growth of about 7.6 percent till FY 24-25 to meet coal demand of the country. To achieve the projected growth in production CIL has identified major projects and assessed their related issues.
There are 119 ongoing Mining projects having annual capacity 0f 608.5 MT which have contributed 304.67 MT in the year 2018-19. Other than this, there are 85 completed mining projects having annual capacity of 185.20 MT Fifty-five (55) new future projects, with a targeted capacity of 195 MTs have been identified in FY 2018-19 to augment coal production of CIL to 1 billion tonnes by FY 2025-26
Clean Coal Technology: In pursuance to initiatives towards development of Clean Coal Technology and alternate use of coal, CIL is exploring the possibilities for setting-up a coal based Methanol plant in the premises of Dankuni Coal Complex (DCC) near Kolkata. Coal sourced from Raniganj coalfields shall be gasified to produce syngas which shall be subsequently converted into methanol.
Consumer Satisfaction: Consumer satisfaction is priority area for CIL and special emphasis is been given to Quality Management of Coal from mine to dispatch point. All consumers of CIL have the option for quality assessment through independent third party sampling agencies. A portal ‘UTTAM’ has been launched by CIL so that information of coal quality will be accessible to both coal companies and consumers.
Acquisition of Coal Assets abroad CIL is in the process of acquiring stakes in Coking Coal Assets in Australia, Canada and USA. Few potential coking / semi coking coal assets have been identified in Australia and Canada.
Touching Peoples’ lives at grass root level Unlike other parts of the world, coal reserves in India mostly under the forest land or in tribal inhabited areas. Inevitably coal mining displaces people. But, CIL has a well-structured Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy for Project Affected People. The company Pursues ‘Mining with a human face’ through socially sustainable inclusive model of growth by making Project Affected People stakeholders in the decision making process for their livelihood.
Care for Environment/ Environmental Management One of the inherent tendencies of coal mining is degradation of the land and environment. CIL constantly addresses the impact of mining activities across environmental and social issues. Eco-friendly mining systems have been put in place in all of its mining areas. To make environmental mitigation measures more transparent, CIL introduced state-of-the-art Satellite Surveillance to monitor land reclamation and restoration for all opencast projects. Plantation and Green belt are developed through extensive tree plantation programmes every year by the subsidiaries of Coal India. The subsidiaries of CIL have planted around 97.65 million of trees covering an area over 39029 Ha. till March’2019. During 2018-19, 1.81 million trees have been planted covering an area of 733 Ha in leasehold area and 0.36 million trees covering an area of 225 Ha. outside leasehold area were planted. Committed to minimize the adverse impact of coal mining on environment through well structured Environment Management Plans and sustainable development activities. CIL HQ has obtained certification against ISO 9001, 14001 and 50001 (Quality Management, Environment Management and Energy Management System) from Bureau of India Standards (BIS). As on 31st March 2019, four of our Subsidiaries, ECL, CCL, NCL and MCL are certified for Integrated Management System (ISO 9001, 14001 and OHSAS 18001). CMPDI HQ and its seven RIs are certified for ISO 9001:2015.
Conservation of Energy Conservation of Energy is priority area CIL/ subsidiaries and various measures are taken towards reduction in specific energy consumption. CIL is also pursuing use of alternative energy sources. Various steps have been taken for utilizing solar power has alternative source of energy such as in kilo-watt scale roof top solar plants are in successful operation. at Corporate Office of CIL, Newtown, Kolkata (160kWp), CMPDI HQ and regional institute (351 kWp), different areas of ECL (159 kWp), different areas of WCL (1097 kWp), HQ office building, CCL (477.5 kWp) and NEC (12 kWp)
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) CIL is on the path of design and implementation of a robust state of the art Enterprise Resource Planning and Hospital Management system in CIL and its subsidiaries. The effort is aimed to integrate all aspects of business operations into a single easy to use system and effectively plan, manage and optimize all the organisational resources through standardization of business processes and best practices.